Plant Genetic Resources Conservation and Management provides, in-depth description of principles and practices of the techniques of both ex situ conservation strategy (seed and field genebanks, in vitro, DNA and pollen storage), and in situ conservation strategy (on-farm and nature reserves) for plant genetic resources (PGR), and current status of their applications. The book covers all aspects of plant germplasm conservation and management including plant domestication and crop evolution, history of conservation, exploration, exchange, quarantine, conservation techniques, characterization and evaluation, information management, intellectual property rights and conservation under climate change. In the area of management of plant germplasm, the book has focused on topics such as sampling techniques during collecting, strategies for enhancing exchange, biosafety and regulation of genetically modified (GM) crops, role of evaluation, core collection and pre-breeding in germplasm utilization. Additionally, it focuses on intellectual property rights (IPRs) and various international treaties on plant germplasm which have made access to genetic resources, a debated topic. It also includes the challenges of conservation in the event of climate change and their potential solutions. The content of the book provides comprehensive knowledge about plant germplasm conservation and management to help understand the basic principles, practices and future challenges involved. With its coverage and specific focused topics, it will be useful to researchers, conservationists, teachers, as well as students who are involved or interested in PGR conservation and management.